On 24th April 2019, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Vietnam JSC and Nephrology– Immune transplantation department, 115 hospital organized a patient club with topic “Protein restriction in patients with chronic kidney disease”, presented by Dr. Phuong Dung Ta MD. Specialist level 2– Head of department.
In the presentation, malnutrition status and protein energy wasting are shared and these conditions are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease because of many reasons. Improving nutrition status plays an important role in enhancing quality of life. In fact, many CKD patients have limited the protein intake that is key reason of malnutrition. Dr. Phuong Dung Ta pointed out that patient with kidney failure need to be provided enough energy every day, including protein, carbohydrate and fat. if patient have hemodialysis 3 times per week, protein is provided at least 1.2 to 1.3/kg/day base on dry weight. Protein is found in many foods such as eggs, meat, fish, milk, cheese. The patient is required taking adequate protein amount through enteral nutrion and parenteral nutrition is indicated if needs. The some specific protein formulations for patients with kidney failure are introduced during the meeting. Furthermore, it is very important to pay attention on controlling water and electrolyte balance, especially the amount of sodium, potassium and phosphorus ions intake.
Beside giving general principles of diet formulation, this topic showed daily sample menu for patients with kidney failure so that patients can apply by themselves and improve health & treatment result.